Malatya Travel Guide - Places to Visit in Malatya - Things to Know About Malatya - Malatya Car Rental
Malatya, one of the most beautiful cities of Anatolia, stands out with its natural beauties and famous dishes. The to-do list is quite long. This city, which is the meeting point of Southeast and East Anatolian cultures, is one of Turkey's unique provinces. It is known as the world's Apricot capital. Here is the Malatya travel guide…
With the "Malatya Places to Visit List" we have prepared for those who are considering visiting the city of Malatya, where are the most beautiful places to see in and around the city center before your trip? Where can I stay? Malatya Airport Car Rental Companies? How can I get transportation from Malatya? Malatya Car Rental Companies? Malatya Car Rental Companies? How Many Km Is Malatya Levent Valley? What are the activities to be done in Malatya? What are Malatya Dishes? etc. You can find the answer to your questions in this article.
1- LEVENT VALLEY
Its history dates back 65 million years. This natural wonder formation draws attention with its interesting structure. The valley also contains hundreds of caves.
In order to increase the visibility of the valley and turn this natural wonder into a tourist attraction, a viewing terrace was built by the Malatya Governorship at the most central point of the 28 kilometers of cliffs in the valley.
This project has become the focus of attention of many domestic and foreign visitors.
65 Million Years of Geological Evolution
This natural wonder, which dates back to 65 million years ago and was formed as a result of geological deformations, has an area of 28 kilometers in length, which is shown among the interesting natural areas in the world with its geological features and includes remains from the Neolithic age. The valley contains extremely interesting geological formations, cliffs and hundreds of caves with rock reliefs on the walls.
Levent Valley Observation Deck
In order to increase the visibility of the valley and turn this natural wonder into a tourist attraction, a viewing terrace was built by the Malatya Governorship at the most central point of the 28 kilometers of cliffs in the valley. The viewing terrace, built on a flat block of rock, is 240 meters above the stream bed and 8.5 meters of the observation terrace is a different project, built with steel construction and glass, and has become the focus of attention of many local and foreign visitors.
The observation terrace played an important role in promoting the Levent Valley, which is the most important geoarchaeological center of Anatolia with its geology and cultural assets. Levent Valley, which is on the way to become the new route of sports and alternative tourism activities such as trekking, parachuting, rock climbing, camping and scouting, is one of the indispensable places for photography enthusiasts, while opening the door to picturesque landscapes in autumn and summer, offering a unique view for visitors. In addition, many photographers from Turkey and abroad come to the valley and camp.
Where is Levent Valley Observation Terrace? How to go?
Levent Valley is located on Malatya Kayseri Highway. You can travel safely and comfortably by renting a car from Malatya Erhaç Airport from City Car Rental. Malatya Levent Valley Car Rental Services, Malatya Akçadağ Levent Valley Car Rental, Malatya Levent Valley Car Rental, How Can I Go to Levent Valley?
2- ARSLANTEPE MOUND
It is a mound that has hosted many civilizations from the Hittites to the Romans and Byzantines. The structures of the first city-state in Anatolia were found here. As a result of the studies, a mudbrick palace belonging to 3300-3000 BC and a temple belonging to 3600-3500 BC were unearthed. As of 2021, it is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Arslantepe Mound on the UNESCO List
In 2014, as a result of the efforts made for the Arslantepe Archaeological Site, which was entitled to be included in the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Tentative List, to be included in the permanent list; At the 44th UNESCO World Heritage Committee meeting, hosted by China on 26 July 2021, it was decided to register the Arslantepe Mound, where the oldest city-state of Anatolia was founded, to the UNESCO World Heritage List. Arslantepe Mound, located in the Battalgazi district of Malatya, which has been home to many civilizations from the Hittites to the Roman and Byzantine, has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Permanent List. Arslantepe Tumulus, where excavations continue every year, starting in the summer and continuing until autumn, with the cooperation of the Department of Archeology of the Italian University of Rome and the Malatya Museum Directorate, serves history lovers as an Open Air Museum. in Anatolia
A large number of historical materials and artifacts were found during the excavations carried out in 2019 in Arslantepe Mound, where the structures of the 'First City-State' were unearthed. During the excavations carried out by the Italy Excavation Committee, ceramic pieces, cups, arrowheads, beads, bone tools and spindle whorls, flint stones, musical instruments and a 5,700-year-old child's skeleton were found.
7 km from Malatya. The cultural fill of Arslantepe Mound, which is located in Orduzu Town near the western shore of the Euphrates River (Karakaya Dam Lake), in the northeast, is 30 meters high and spreads over an area of 4.5 hectares. B.C. From 6000 AD. It was inhabited until the 11th century AD. 5-6. It was used as a Roman village between the 19th and 19th centuries and later completed its settlement as a Byzantine Necropolis (cemetery).
The first excavations in Arslantepe were started by a French team under the leadership of Louis Delaporte in the 1930s, and permanent excavations have been continued since 1961 by a team at La Sapienza University in Rome, Italy.
As a result of the excavations in the mound; B.C. A mud-brick palace from 3300-3000 BC, a temple from 3600-3500 BC, more than two thousand seal impressions, quality metal artifacts were found. The data obtained show that Arslantepe was an official, religious and cultural center where the aristocracy was born and the first state form emerged at that time.
The corridor walls of the palace are decorated with print motifs and wall paintings. The presence of numerous seals in various parts of the building reveals the intensity of administrative activities and the large number of officials working. While the mound exceptionally witnesses the emergence of the first State society in the Near East, it exhibits unique architectural features despite being associated with the 4th millennium BC Uruk civilization.
Arslantepe Mound is 7km from Malatya. The Cultural Fill of Arslantepe Mound, located in Orduzu Town near the western shore of the Euphrates River (Karakaya Dam Lake), in the northeast, is 30m. is in height. It was inhabited from 5000 BC to the 11th century AD. It was used as a Roman village between the 5th and 6th centuries AD and later completed its settlement as a Byzantine Necropolis (cemetery).
The first excavations in Arslantepe were made in the 1930s by a French team under the direction of Louis Delaporte. Especially the excavation was carried out in the Late Hittite layers. During the excavations, two lion statues on both sides of the courtyard and entrance gate decorated with bas-reliefs on stone, and an overturned king statue and a Late Hittite Palace were found. Since there was no museum in Malatya at that time, these works were taken to the Ankara Anatolian Civilizations Museum and are still exhibited there.
II. Although the French Archaeologist C. Schaeffer dug several deep soundings in the area after World War II, continuous excavations were started in 1961 by a team from the "La Sapienza University" of Rome, first under the leadership of Salvatore M. Puglisi and then Alba Palmieri. Since Palmieri's death in 1990, Marcella Frangipane from the same University has been the excavation director.
As a result of the excavations in the mound; A adobe palace belonging to 3300-3000 BC, a temple belonging to 3600-3500 BC, more than two thousand seal impressions, quality metal works were found. The data obtained show that in that period, Arslantepe was an official, religious and cultural center where the aristocracy was born and the first state form emerged.
Although this region of Malatya formed a part of Upper Mesopotamia during the time period from the end of the 5th millennium to the end of the 4th millennium, it did not completely lose its local characteristics. Especially in the 4th millennium, Arslantepe has an important place among the settlements in the Middle Euphrates region. In the Late Chalcolithic Age, the local upper classes held political and religious dominance as well as economic, product and production management. The privileges of the region, such as being out of the flood zone of the Euphrates River, which is rich in water resources, therefore extremely suitable for agriculture, and frequently overflowing, helped Arslantepe's uninterrupted settlement from at least the 5th millennium BC until the Byzantine Period. is an important factor. Combined with the strength of the region's natural structure and its high agricultural potential, Arslantepe has gained the position of a dominant center that can keep its lands under control and process or at least organize the processing of the raw materials in the region. A large communal area with monumental buildings made of mudbrick was spread over an area of at least 2600m2 on the south-west slope of the hill at the end of the 4th millennium BC (3300-3000 BC). This area probably contained several structures with different functions. As far as it has been revealed, this part is a large building group consisting of different parts in terms of magnificent architecture and functionality. Due to its multi-purpose layout, this monumental building complex can be described as a Palace. The corridor walls of the palace are decorated with print motifs and wall paintings. the building
The presence of a large number of stamps in its various sections reveals the intensity of administrative activities and the large number of officers who are authorized to take the goods from the warehouses and seal them. The rich decorations and reliefs on the walls symbolize power. This is evidence of the emergence of a state system with strong political and religious institutions, in which all activities were centralized, an effective sealing system was used for registration, and bureaucracy was gradually developed. The large building, which was built mostly for religious purposes in the past, gained other functions for the first time and developed architecturally, where public services were also seen, thus forming the beginning of the palace in the Near East.
In addition to weapons such as swords and daggers made of arsenic-copper alloy, silver inlaid, high-stand fruit stands and Mesopotamian type long vases were also found in the palace complex. In addition, the tomb of an important person (perhaps a king) dated to 2900 BC was unearthed right next to the palace. The rich dead gifts in the tomb and the 4 sacrificed young human corpses found on the stone cover covering the tomb suggest that this tomb is a king's tomb.
After the structures belonging to the Late Uruk Period were destroyed by great fires, the common use area was abandoned and foreign communities settled in the local tradition. This is evidenced by the settlement and houses, as well as the pottery originating from Eastern Anatolia and Transcaucasia. The economic and cultural characteristics of the settlement indicate that these newcomers consisted mainly of rural, possibly semi-nomadic, small communities.
At the beginning of the Early Bronze Age II (2700-2500 BC) in Arslantepe, the entire region north of the Taurus Mountains is an original and sophisticated culture that broke away from the Syro-Mesopotamian culture, the influence of which still continues in Early Bronze I, and based on the traditions of Eastern Anatolia-Transcaucasia origin. showed. In the second half of the 3rd millennium B.C., in Early Bronze III (2500-2000 BC), a new process began in the region, which led to the construction of cities surrounded by walls, as well as a settlement order based on local culture and suitable for the urbanization tradition of Anatolia. This settlement in Arslantepe continued to use the large rooms of Early Bronze II on terraces, but developed down the slope of the hill.
In 2000 BC, Arslantepe was used as the city of the Hittite Empire, which expanded towards the Euphrates, under the name Melidia-Meliddu. This settlement was used as a Late Hittite city surrounded by earthen walls, similar to the Central Anatolian Hittite cities with its city gate and courtyard opening to the north-eastern slope of the hill.
B.C. Arslantepe, which continued its existence as a settlement from the 5th millennium BC until the Assyrian invasion in 712 BC, was later abandoned for a while, and A.D. Between the 5th and 6th centuries, it was used as a Roman Period village and later completed its settlement as a Byzantine Necropolis (cemetery). Excavations continue in the Late Uruk period Palace and the Late Hittite Palace.
The excavations in Arslantepe were carried out by Prof. Dr. It is continued by the Italian Excavation Team led by Marcella Frangipane. The finds are exhibited in Malatya Museum. In addition, the project work on turning the adobe Palace Complex from the Late Uruk Period into an Open Air Museum is continuing. With the realization of this project, Arslantepe's contribution to the tourism of our city will increase positively.
How to get to Arslantepe Tumulus in Malatya by Malatya Oto Kiralama?
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3- DARENDE GUNPINAR WATERFALL
It is in Günpınar Village of Malatya Darende district. It is 7 kilometers from the town. come from all over the world
In the natural wonder, which offers thousands of visitors the opportunity to rest, have fun and do sports, those who want can trekking on the 1.5 km track towards the source of the water.
Günpınar Waterfall is located about 10 km west of Darende District of Malatya province. Günpınar Stream flows from a very high place.
Therefore, after leaving its source, it makes a very fast flow between the rocks. The falling distance from the outlet of the water to the ground is approximately 40 – 45 meters. From this distance, the flow of water and the moment of falling to the ground are worth watching.
It is a wonderful feeling to watch the waterfall spread to the environment as the magnificent sound and water vapor formed where it flows, that is, where it falls. In addition to this magnificent view of nature, the trees around Günpınar waterfall add a different beauty to this region. When these dense and green trees and the water show created by Günpınar waterfall come together, a wonderful view emerges. Many people who want to see this natural wonder visit Darende District of Malatya every year. The number of domestic and foreign tourists continues to increase every year. Do not waste too much time to watch this wonderful nature show. Visit Günpınar waterfall in Darende district as soon as possible. The landscaping of Günpınar Waterfall was made by the Private Administration. As a result of this landscaping, the interest in Günpınar Waterfall has increased even more. Because as a result of landscaping, the waterfall has turned into a kind of attraction. Günpınar Waterfall shows its natural beauty even more as a result of this landscaping.
How to go to Malatya Darende Günpınar Waterfall? How Many Km Is Günpınar Waterfall? Malatya Airport Car Rental Companies?
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